In Parliamentary debate, it is critical that the third speaker analyzes the major clash of the round. This article serves as an introduction to the job of the Third Speaker in Parli, including some basic tips, tricks and timing.
The third speech in Parliamentary debate is one of the most daunting speeches. But with clear organization and a detailed understanding of the format, the third speech is relatively simple and easy to understand.
The fundamental role of the third speaker is to analyze the major points of clash, or “voter issues,” in the round, describing why specifically their respective side should win the given disputes. At the end of your speech, you want the judge not just to understand the flaws with the opposing case but also fully imagine the world in which you are defending. The judge should view your given side as the world of opportunity and prosperity, making yourself a clear vote on the ballot.
In order to complete the role, managing your time and clearly choosing the most important clashes in the debate is essential. Here is a time breakdown of the speech:
0:00-0:15 Introduction and hook
0:15-1:00 Clarifications or strategic errors
1:00-2:30 First voter issue
2:30-4:00 Second voter issue
15 Second Flex Conclusion
(If you are an affirmative speaker, who has an extra minute of time, you can select an additional voter issue to analyze, or you can just allocate more time to each of the original two voter issues.)
With this formatting in mind, understanding how specifically to deal with the voter issues is crucial. First, identify the voter issue and major clash point in the round. Next, explain why the opposing side believes that they are winning this clash point. With their interpretation in mind, explain why specifically their explanation fails under the motion or refute their analysis. Once their interpretation is properly refuted, ask the question: “so why should you prefer the comparative under our side of the house under X voter issue?” You then should list the reasons why specifically you either solve a given issue better than your opponent or why the world you are defending is preferable. By the time you finish describing your comparative, the voter issue should be definitively in your favor.
With this formatting, giving a third speech in Parliamentary debate is both easy for yourself to give and for the judge to prefer.
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